Amsterdamer Wechselbank (Wisselbank) – die weltweit erste Zentralbank

Die Amsterdamer Wechselbank (ndl: Amsterdamsche Wisselbank) war die erste städtische Wechselbank in Westeuropa.

Es war ihre Aufgabe, den Zahlungsverkehr zu fördern, der aufgrund der unterschiedlichen damals im Umlauf befindlichen Währungen erschwert wurde. Die Amsterdamer Wechselbank nahm Geld der diversen Währungen an und schrieb die Einlage einem Konto in Bankgulden oder der fremdländischen Währung gut. Damit konnten zwischen den Konten verschiedener Personen bei der Bank bargeldlose Zahlungen vorgenommen werden.

Zuvor waren zwar 1587 in Venedig (Banco di Rialto) und 1593 in Mailand erste Wechselbanken gegründet worden, doch war die Wechselbank von Amsterdam, die am 31. Januar 1609 ihre Tore öffnete, die erste öffentliche Bank, die einen bargeldlosen Ausgleich von Forderungen zwischen Konten vornahm. Sie ist somit weltweit die erste Bank, die als Zentralbank bezeichnet werden kann.  (Quelle: Wikipedia).


The Wisselbank’s most vital feature was that it was a civic bank, not a privately owned or managed institution. Central to the bank’s success was the strong political support that it enjoyed, and confidence in it rested on the fact that it was controlled by the burgomasters and guaranteed by the city. It was also protected by the power of the Dutch state. While private banks sought profit at every opportunity, the overall objective of the Wisselbank was to stabilize the monetary and banking system with a view to strengthening Amsterdam as a center for foreign trade. With its reputation for integrity it acted as a stabilizing influence by minting high quality coins that had a firm purchasing power. Its high creditworthiness and liquidity created great confidence. The bank attracted foreign and Dutch capital and boosted the Dutch national financial interests.

Because of the dominant position of Amsterdam in international trading, and the city’s requirement that all payments exceeding a certain amount were to be settled via accounts in the Wisselbank, the bank’s clearing and settlement system quickly gained a dominant position in international payment systems. By the late 17th century the Amsterdamsche Wisselbank was one of the biggest commercial banks in existence, and its notes of exchange were recognized as valid tender everywhere.

Weitere Informationen:

The archives of the Amsterdam Wisselbank and the possibilities for differentiation within the Amsterdam mercantile community


Dieser Beitrag wurde unter Bankgeschichte veröffentlicht. Setze ein Lesezeichen auf den Permalink.

16 Antworten zu Amsterdamer Wechselbank (Wisselbank) – die weltweit erste Zentralbank

  1. Can you tell us more about this? I’d care to find out some additional information. adreamoftrains web
    hosting reviews

  2. Amazing issues here. I’m very satisfied to peer your post.
    Thanks a lot and I’m taking a look ahead to contact you.
    Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  3. Avatar JameHVasek sagt:

    My spouse and i also stumbled over here from the different web address and thought I may as well check things out.
    I really like a few things i see so now i am following you.

    Enjoy finding out about your online page again.

    Also visit my web-site JameHVasek

  4. I feel that is among the most important information for me.
    And i’m happy reading your article. But should remark on some general issues, The site taste is great, the articles is actually excellent
    : D. Excellent process, cheers

  5. This is the perfect blog for anybody who really wants to understand this topic.
    You realize so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I
    actually will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a new
    spin on a topic that has been written about
    for years. Excellent stuff, just great!

  6. Avatar BarbRHemsley sagt:

    Having read this I believed it had been extremely enlightening.
    I appreciate you spending a little while and energy to
    place this informative article together. I once again find
    myself spending too much time both reading and leaving comments.
    But so what, it absolutely was still worth the cost!

    Feel free to surf to my page; BarbRHemsley

  7. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment.
    There’s no doubt that that you need to publish more about this subject matter, it might
    not be a taboo matter but generally people don’t talk about these issues.
    To the next! Best wishes!! cheap flights 2CSYEon

  8. I’ve been browsing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never found
    any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me.
    In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.
    2CSYEon cheap flights

  9. I’ll right away take hold of your rss feed as I can not to find your
    email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any?

    Kindly let me recognise so that I could subscribe. Thanks.
    y2yxvvfw cheap flights

  10. My partner and I stumbled over here from a different web page and thought I may as well check things out.

    I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to checking out your web page repeatedly.

    31muvXS cheap flights

  11. What’s up, after reading this awesome post i am also happy
    to share my know-how here with mates.

  12. I like the valuable info you supply on your articles. I’ll bookmark your
    weblog and check again right here frequently. I am fairly sure I’ll be told lots of
    new stuff proper here! Good luck for the following!

  13. I always used to study piece of writing in news papers but now as I am
    a user of web so from now I am using net for content, thanks to web.

  14. Avatar web hosting sagt:

    I have been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts on this kind of area .
    Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this web site.

    Reading this information So i am happy to show that I’ve a very good uncanny feeling I found out just what I needed.
    I such a lot for sure will make sure to don?t fail to remember this website and provides it a
    glance regularly.

  15. Quality articles or reviews is the crucial to interest the users to
    go to see the web page, that’s what this web page is providing.

  16. fantastic submit, very informative. I wonder why other specialists on this sector don’t realize this.
    You should proceed your writing. I’m sure, you’ve a fantastic readers’
    base already!

    Here is my website; notebook blank and lined pages

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht.

Diese Website verwendet Akismet, um Spam zu reduzieren. Erfahre mehr darüber, wie deine Kommentardaten verarbeitet werden.